South Korea’s COVID-19 stimulus payments were programmed to expire in Aug 2020, and could only be spent at qualifying shops. Australia’s cashless welfare card [currently in pilot stages] cannot be withdrawn as cash, nor used at alcohol, tobacco and gambling joints.
The Self-Esteem Craze in America
In the 80s and 90s, there was research that low self-esteem was related to undesirable results, but there wasn’t any conclusive work that high esteem causes good outcomes. The self-esteem craze was defined by a simple inspiring message, a lot of half-baked research, prevalent confirmation bias, cottage-industry (books, videos, seminars). Self-esteem grew into a panacea for academic performance, crime, teen pregnancy until more rigorous research arrived. Similar overhyped[?] panaceas: power posing, growth mindset, grit.
Moneyness: Programmable money isn't new, we've had it for ages. John Paul Koning. http://jpkoning.blogspot.com/2020/11/programmable-money-isnt-new-weve-had-it.html . Nov 19, 2020.
Recipes for Programmable Money. Elsden, Chris; Feltwell, Tom; Lawson, Shaun; Vines, John. Northumbria University. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3290605.3300481 . 2019.
How the Self-Esteem Craze Took Over America - Science of Us. Jesse Singal. The Cut. https://www.thecut.com/2017/05/self-esteem-grit-do-they-really-help.html . May 30, 2017.