01. What is Mathematics About?;
Bernoulli Processes;
The Binomial Random Variable;
02. The Language and Grammar of Mathematics;
Conditional Probability;
The Bayes Formula;
Modular Arithmetic;
Bayesian Statistics [MIT 18.650];
Frequentist Approach vs. Bayesian Approach;
Why Mathematicians Can't Find the Hay in a Haystack [Quanta Magazine];
Probability and Stochastic Systems [ORF 309];
What is Ergodicity?;
The Princeton Companion to Mathematics [Gowers, Timothy];