# doi.org

 Random Link ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ Jan 11, 2022 » Journal Reviews 5 min; updated Jan 15, 2022 Link Prediction Given network-structured data, predict whether a link exists between two nodes. General types of prediction tasks on graphs: graph-level (e.g. will a molecule bind to a receptor implicated in a disease?), node-level (e.g. what is the identity of each node?), and edge-level (e.g. does this edge exist; what value does it have?). Applications include: predicting drug-drug interactions (common in treating patients with complex/co-existing diseases) as they may cause changes in the drugs' pharmacological activity .... Jan 27, 2020 » Tech and Democracy 5 min; updated Jan 7, 2022 Political Ads Cambridge Analytica (CA) paid people to take in-app survey; mined FB profile data including friends' data; crafted tailored sensitive ads to sway-able voters. Elections are about emotions, not facts. Data science and social media can help us make sense of and manipulate the chaos. An alternative argument. Political misinformation is: Weak in high profile partisan races because pre-existing beliefs hardly change Strong when people don’t have string pre-existing opinions, e.... Oct 4, 2021 » Online Markets 4 min; updated Jan 7, 2022 WWW ‘21: The Web Conference 2021 REST: Relational Event-Driven Stock Trend Forecasting REST, an event-driven stock trend forecasting framework, that overcomes two limitations of existing event-driven models. Models the stock context, and learns the effect of event information on the stocks under different contexts. Constructs a stock graph and designs a new propagation layer to propagate the effect of event information from related stocks. The value of stock trend forecasting is not unanimous, e.... Oct 4, 2021 » Journal Reviews on Fairness 4 min; updated Jan 7, 2022 WWW ‘21: The Web Conference 2021 User-oriented Fairness in Recommendation Showed that active users who only account for a small proportion enjoy much higher recommendation quality than the majority inactive users. They propose a re-ranking approach by adding constraints over the evaluation metrics. There’s a subtlety here. Although the active users are the minority, the recommender considers them the majority as they are the ones providing a lot of the training data.... Jan 2, 2022 » 04. Changing Your Mind 6 min; updated Jan 2, 2022 How to Be Wrong found that experts were barely able to forecast better than random chance. However, a small subset of people (coined “superforecasters” ) were better. In a competition, they beat teams of top professors and CIA professional analysts. These superforecasters were not smarter than everyone else nor did they have more knowledge/experience, they were great at being wrong. Change your mind a little at a time. Seeing the world in shades of grey is less stressful, as the experience of encountering evidence against one of your beliefs is not high stakes.... Dec 28, 2021 » 02. Developing Self-Awareness 8 min; updated Jan 2, 2022 Signs of a Scout These Don’t Make You a Scout Feeling objective. The more objective you feel, the more you trust your own intuitions and opinions as accurate representations of reality, and the less inclined you are to question them. Being smart and knowledgeable. It’s not a case of “if people were smarter and well-informed, they’d realize their errors”. For example, found that polarization (on political fronts) on anthropogenic climate change increases as scientific intelligence increases.... Jan 1, 2022 » 03. Thriving Without Illusions 3 min; updated Jan 1, 2022 Coping with Reality This chapter felt a bit vacuous with its use of anecdotes to advance points. Criticism of studies that argue that self-deception makes us happier: conflation of positive illusions and positive beliefs; unfounded definitions of what counts as self-deception; results that can be equally well-explained by something else. There are alternative coping strategies that don’t involve self-deception: making a hypothetical plan about some unpleasant and unavoidable thing; noticing silver linings but not to the point of sweet lemons; admitting that things could be worse.... Dec 21, 2021 » We The Consumers 5 min; updated Dec 29, 2021 Product Differentiation and Price Discrimination Product differentiation seeks to distinguish a product from a competing product to make it more attractive to a specific target market. Price discrimination occurs when the same goods/services are sold at different prices from the same company. The Captain Samuel Vimes “Boots” theory of socio-economic unfairness: the rich man who bought the high quality $50 pair of boots would still be using them in 10 years, while the poor man who buys the$10 pair would have spent \$100 on boots in the same time, and still be worse off.... Dec 17, 2021 » 01. The Case for the Scout Mindset 6 min; updated Dec 28, 2021 Two Types of Thinking Soldier Mindset Reasoning is like defensive combat. Finding out you’re wrong means suffering a defeat. Seeks out evidence to fortify and defend your beliefs. Directionally motivated reasoning. When we want something to be true, we ask, “Can I believe this?” When we don’t want something to be true, we ask, “Must I believe this?” Scout Mindset Reasoning is like mapmaking. Finding out you’re wrong means revising your map.... Jul 13, 2021 » On Becoming a Better Point Guard 7 min; updated Dec 20, 2021 Objective: Learn to read the game and make smart predictions. Reaction times are overrated; perception and prediction rule . Offensive Playmaking and Scoring tracks the following play types: transition, isolation, pick & roll ball handler, pick & roll roll man, post up, spot up, handoff, cut, off screen and putbacks. At least these categories provide a baseline for what search terms to use. also has a miscellaneous play type section, so it’ll be interesting to see if a new play-type pops up in the future.... Dec 4, 2021 » As the Last I May Know 4 min; updated Dec 4, 2021 As the Last I May Know. Shi Lian Huang. www.tor.com . Accessed Dec 4, 2021. won the “Best Short Story” Hugo Award in 2020. Memorable Points Background: Sere missiles can wipe out a city completely. Nyma’s nation has been the only recipient of a seres strike. They’ve since acquired their own seres stockpile. They’re engaged in war with an state that lacks seres weapons.... Apr 29, 2014 » The Gene-Free Model of Expertise 2 min; updated Nov 6, 2021 Reaction Times are Overrated Elite athletes do not display superior reaction times to those of average people; most hover at 200ms. However, games are played at speeds where 200ms is too slow, e.g. 100-mph baseballs, 130-mph tennis serves, etc. A reaction time of less than 100ms is deemed a false start in track and field sprints. Superior Perception Athletes outperformed novices when asked if there was a ball in a rapidly flashed slide.... Sep 18, 2018 » On DNA Testing 3 min; updated Nov 6, 2021 The human genome has sequences of nucleotide base pairs that are repeated over and over again. At each locus of interest, a person has two sets of repeats inherited from each parent. Each possible difference at a locus is an allele. The combinations of the possible differences at multiple loci form a DNA profile that can be used to tie suspects to a crime scene. The Accuracy of DNA Testing is Wanting 74/108 crime labs erroneously incriminated a suspect during a mock study.... Mar 3, 2021 » On the Dangers of Stochastic Parrots: Can Language Models Be Too Big? 🦜 3 min; updated Nov 6, 2021 The paper is written in a period when NLP practitioners are producing bigger (# of parameters; size of training data) language models (LMs), and pushing the top scores on benchmarks. Environmental Risks Large LMs consume a lot of resources, e.g. training a single BERT base model on GPUs was estimated to use as much energy as a trans-American flight. Marginalized communities are doubly punished. They are least likely to benefit from LMs, e.... Oct 28, 2021 » Socio-Economic Equity in Tech 5 min; updated Nov 6, 2021 When it comes to STEM diversity goals, Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) tends to be excluded from the URMs under discussion, e.g. . However, AAPI as a blanket term obscures the struggles of member groups, e.g. $$62\%$$ of AAPI adults aged 24 and older have an associate’s degree or higher, compared to 28% of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders of the same age. AA comprises $$\approx 50$$ ethnic groups, while PI has $$\approx 20$$.... Oct 12, 2021 » Reviews of WWW Proceedings 3 min; updated Oct 12, 2021 32nd ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media (HT ‘21) Reconstructing Ireland’s Lost History through the Beyond 2022 Project Aims to create a virtual 3-D reconstruction of the “Record Treasury” of the Public Record Office of Ireland in Dublin. The original one was destroyed in Ireland’s Civil War of 1922. Reassembling will use copies, transcripts and records scattered among archival partners. The full text of discusses challenges presented by the Beyond 2022 project.... Jan 1, 1976 » Toward a Theory of Medical Fallibility 5 min; updated Sep 2, 2021 Medical care is like the opposite of moving fast and breaking things. If it’s so taboo to admit error, then that could make errors more common because fewer people are learning from past errors. Norms for Scientific Activity and the Sources of Error “Science” is taken to mean “Natural Science”. Internal norms derive from a cognitive pursuit of science. They are: Focus on the central rather than the peripheral problems of the science in in question....